Being obese can lead to serious health problems, as well as shorten your life expectancy.
Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of health problems, including:
- high blood pressure (hypertension) – this is a major risk factor for developing a serious cardiovascular disease (conditions that can affect the circulation of blood around the body)
- type 2 diabetes
- many types of cancer
- heart disease
- osteoarthritis – a condition that affects the joints
- back pain
- liver disease
- kidney disease
- sleep apnoea – a condition that causes interrupted breathing during sleep
- gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
If you are obese, you are also more likely to develop complications in pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes or pre-eclampsia (which is when a woman experiences a potentially dangerous rise in blood pressure during pregnancy).